Wałbrzych
History & Heritage

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Our most recommended Wałbrzych History & Heritage

From Wroclaw: Pearls of Lower Silesia Full-Day Private Tour

1. From Wroclaw: Pearls of Lower Silesia Full-Day Private Tour

Discover the most famous spots of the Lower Silesia region on this 1-day guided tour from Wroclaw. Start the trip from your hotel in Wroclaw and head toward the Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica. The churches are the largest timber-framed religious buildings in Europe and are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. These unique, richly decorated churches were erected by the Silesian protestants in the 17th century after the Thirty Years War. Afterwards, drive to the magnificent Ksiaz Castle, the third largest castle in Poland that dates all the way back to the 13th century. During your visit, you will admire antique interiors, towers, and French-style terraces. Don’t miss the opportunity to take a pleasant stroll in the gardens surrounding the castle. After exploring the Ksiaz Castle, enjoy a transfer back to your hotel.

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From Wroclaw: Full-Day Lower Silesia Tour

2. From Wroclaw: Full-Day Lower Silesia Tour

The Church of Peace in Świdnica is the largest timber-framed religious buildings in Europe, built in the former Silesia in the mid-17th Century amid the religious strife that followed the Peace of Westphalia. Constrained by the physical and political conditions, the Churches of Peace bear testimony to the quest for religious freedom and are a rare expression of Lutheran ideology in an idiom generally associated with the Catholic Church. Built outside the city walls, made of wood or clay and built in less than a year, now placed on UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites. Książ is the third largest castle in Poland, located on a majestic rock cliff by the side of the Pelcznica River. Beautifully surrounded by the forest at the height of 395 meters above sea level, the castle is often called ‘the Pearl of Lower Silesia’. Such a location corresponding to the size of the building is rare in Europe. In 1943, Hitler’s paramilitary organization had stormed into the castle and began to construct one of the most important quarters for Adolf Hitler. Complex Osówka is part of a construction project conducted by Nazi Germany between 1943-1945 (Codename Riese). Mysterious structures nicknamed “Underground City” still await to unveil their secrets. Discover Hitler’s last and biggest quarters in Lower Silesia.

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Jewels of Lower Silesia Full-Day Tour from Wroclaw

3. Jewels of Lower Silesia Full-Day Tour from Wroclaw

Begin this full-day tour of the Lower Silesia with a visit to the magnificent Ksiaz Castle, undoubtedly one of the greatest monuments in the region. The 3rd largest castle in Poland, it is also known as “The Pearl of Lower Silesia,” and is nestled in the picturesque valley of the River Pelcznica. The castle boasts many different architectural styles. Its chambers once hosted distinguished guests, such as John Quincy Adams (one of the U.S.'s first presidents), Winston Churchill, and the emperors of both Germany and Russia. Visit the representative part, find out the history of the rise and fall of the family, hear about the incredible fortune, high society scandals, tragedies, and why the castle still holds some mysteries.  The final site on your tour is the marvelous Church of Peace in Swidnica, rightly earning its place on the UNESCO World Heritage Site list. A magnificent masterpiece of sacred art, it was originally built by the Protestants out of wood, straw and clay in the 17th century. Swidnica is also the birthplace of World War I air force legend Manfred von Richthofen, also known as the “Red Baron.” You will have the opportunity to see his modest house.

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Wroclaw: Full-Day The Secrets of World War II

4. Wroclaw: Full-Day The Secrets of World War II

Krzyzowa is a former estate of Helmuth James von Moltke, where Kreisau Circle, one of the most famous resistance movements against the politics of the Third Reich was established. You will learn about the history of the crimes against the Polish people committed during the Second World War as well as the consequences it had on the German nation. The exhibition will present the history of Polish-German relations in the second part of the 20th century. The building currently belongs to the Krzyzowa Foundation, whose main goal is to promote a dialogue between the European nations. The Osówka Complex was part of a project conducted by the Nazi Germany between 1943 and 1945 (code name Riese). The mysterious structure known as the underground city still hasn't revealed all of its secrets. Discover the biggest and the most complex Hitler headquarter in Lower Silesia.  Ksiaz Castle is the third biggest castle in Poland situated in the majestic rock cliff by the side of the Pelcznica River. Located 395 meters above sea level and surrounded by a beautiful forest, the castle is sometimes called the Pearl of Lower Silesia. The castle's location combined with its size is not a common sight in Europe. In 1943 Hitler's paramilitary organization began building one of his main quarters which, along with other objects of the Riese complex close to the castle near Osowka and Wlodarz played a crucial role. Gross-Rosen in Rogoźnica is the largest Nazi-German concentration camp in Lower Silesia, with particularly harsh conditions and penal work in the quarries. The motto of this place was 'Vermichtung durch Arbeit' (Annihilation through work). Around 40000 prisoners died here incleding Poles, Jews, Russians, French and Hungarians.

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From Wroclaw: Ksiaz Castle and Church of Peace in Swidnica

5. From Wroclaw: Ksiaz Castle and Church of Peace in Swidnica

Enjoy a half-day tour to one of the most beautiful places in Lower Silesia. First, explore Ksiaz Castle. This is the third largest castle in Poland with more than 400 rooms. For more than 400 years it belonged to one family, the Hochbergs, one of the richest and most famous families in Europe.  After you have explored the castle and grounds, your driver will take you back to Church of Peace in Swidnica, a journey that takes around 20 minutes. Thousands of tourists have visited the church, which is unlike anything you've seen before. With a unique history and aesthetic, it's a must-see for everybody who visits Wroclaw! After your day of exploring, enjoy the convenience of a private transfer in a comfortable, modern vehicle. 

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From Wrocław: Gross-Rosen and Książ Castle Private Tour

6. From Wrocław: Gross-Rosen and Książ Castle Private Tour

The tour starts with pickup from your hotel in Wrocław between 8:00 and 9:00 AM. First, visit Gross-Rosen Concentration Camp to learn more about Nazi operations in this area. Watch a short film about the camp and spend time to see the interior exhibitions and the camp area. The maximum time for the camp is 2.5 hours.   Head to Książ Castle, one of the biggest castles in Poland, around a 30-minute drive from Gross-Rosen. Visit the castle’s rooms and beautiful gardens. For more than 400 years this castle belonged to the Von Hochberg family, one of the richest families in Europe. Learn all about the history of this place. After discovering the castle, start the drive back to your hotel, arriving after approximately 1 hour and 15 minutes.

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Wrocław: 5-Hour Guided Tour of the Ksiaz Castle with Entry

7. Wrocław: 5-Hour Guided Tour of the Ksiaz Castle with Entry

Enjoy the convenience of being picked up from your hotel in Wroclaw. Arrive at the castle and take a careful look at its exterior. Admire its original and well-preserved architecture. Marvel at the Renaissance and Rococo architecture of this 13th-century castle. Explore the two nature preserves in the Ksiaz Landscape Park which surround the castle. Enjoy spectacular views of the river and this stunning display of natural beauty. Step inside the castle and discover its beautiful interiors. If you’ve selected the standard option,, you’ll be guided through the interior of the Castle, and given access to the Palm House to explore on your own. If you’ve selected the extended option, you’ll be guided through the interior of the Castle, and given access to the Palm House, park, and terraces to explore on your own. During the tour, you will also have time to take stunning photos.

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Wroclaw: Project Riese and Ksiaz Castle Private Tour

8. Wroclaw: Project Riese and Ksiaz Castle Private Tour

Start your day with pickup from your hotel in Wroclaw and drive to the first stop of the day Project Riese. Project Riese was the code name for an impressive construction project initiated by Nazi Germany between 1943 and 1945, consisting of seven underground structures located in the Owl Mountains and Ksiaz Castle. Explore this extraordinary network of underground caverns, all in different states of completion, and learn about the history of the site as you wander around. After Project Riese, head to Ksiaz Castle, the third largest castle in Poland with more than 400 rooms. The castle was home to the Hochbergs for more than 400 years, who were one of the richest and most famous families in Europe. The Hochbergs owned a lot of land in Poland, but their time in the castle came to an end at the start of World War Two, when the castle was seized by Nazis who planned to turn it into one of Hitler’s residences. Enjoy the freedom to explore the sites at your own leisure, and take the time to learn about their rich history. At the end of the day, head back to your transportation to return to Wroclaw.

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What people are saying about Wałbrzych

Trip great! Lower Silesia is beautiful in autumn! In addition, the weather was favorable, the sun allowed us to see the amazing colors of autumn on the beautiful hills. The Church of Peace in Świdnica undoubtedly deserves an honorable place on the UNESCO list - it is beautiful and the historic cemetery is enchanting. The Książ Castle and its gardens deserve to be called "Pearls of Lower Silesia". The Osówka complex left at the end of the trip stimulates reflection on the fate of the underground city builders and is still surrounded by an aura of mystery. We especially thank our guide Mr. Jakub for professionalism, extensive knowledge of the region and travel along the scenic route.

It was a perfect day. Our guide (and very careful driver) explained a lot of interesting things to us during the trip and was there for us at any time. Overall, it was a very relaxed day and although we saw a lot and there was also time for an extensive lunch, there was no stress or hectic pace at any time. The combination of underground tunnels, castle and Friedenskirche was very versatile.

The tour is very interesting, leads to unexpected structures above and in the ground. Implementation without time constraints and responding to special requests. Our tour guide Andreas was very friendly and was able to share many interesting details from his profound knowledge of history. We enjoyed the ride immensely. Jürgen S. from Vienna

I would do the tour again anytime. Everything was there and the guide told an incredible amount about Lower Silesia. He showed me so much that I really want to come back here longer. Thank you for the nice day!

Driver was very punctual, friendly. It was a pleasant ride! The tour was informative and very interesting!