10. Göreme: Full-Day Cappadocia Private Tour
You will be picked up from your hotel at 09:15 and start your tour at 09:30. Uchisar Castel is constructed on the highest point of the region and has a totally dictinct castle form, including graves, tunnels and churches which you cannot come across in any other place in the world. At Göreme Open Air Museum, it is especially important to understand the influence of religion, especially of Christianity on the region. For good reasons, it is the most famous attraction, a complex of several painted cave churches carved out by Orthodox monks between 900 and 1200 AD.
Çavusin old village, an old Greek village, will be the next stop on this tour. Çavusin is a village about 4 kilometers from Göreme. The old village is largely deserted because the area has been plagued by rock falls. At Çavusin, you can visit the Church of John the Baptist, which probably dates from the 5th century with paintings from the 6th, 7th and 8th centuries. The view of Rose Valley is excellent from this village. The best place to see three-headed fairy chimneys. Pasabag, the Pasha's Vineyard, is surrounded by incredible natural rock formations; a spectacular scene. Have an hour for lunch at Han Restaurant which is cool and popular in the region. You will start with the soup and then it will be self-service.
Since the Hittites in 2000 BC, people could get red clays (terra rosa) around Kızılırmak River, which is the longest river in Turkey, and white clays (caulin) from the volcanic hills. They could use the clays for their daily life by shaping the clay with their hand on the spinning wheels. The ruins at Devrent are spread over three valleys, which also house several pointed fairy chimneys with large stems. The "fairy chimneys" with caps, mainly found in the vicinity of Ürgüp, have a conical-shaped body and a boulder on top of it. The cone is constructed from tufa and volcanic ash, while the cap is of a harder, more resistant rock such as lahar or ignimbrite. The fairy chimneys which are symbols of Ürgüp are called holy spirit chimneys. You'll find the mother, father and son fairy chimneys are together. At a carpet factory, every carpet, with its patterns, resembles a collection of messages, beliefs and symbols. Every pattern that is woven into a carpet is a picture of a feeling, a desire or a wish. Every carpet represents a living history from the early ages to the present in which women have patiently and untiringly written their joys and sorrows in amazing codes and magic letters which are to be read line by line. Your tour will finish at 17:30 and you will be dropped off back to your hotel.