Tirana District
Communist History

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Our most recommended Tirana District Communist History

From Tirana: Tour to Vlora, Butrint, Saranda & Gjirokaster

1. From Tirana: Tour to Vlora, Butrint, Saranda & Gjirokaster

Travel south along the Albanian coast and explore the best of this region on a guided tour. Spend the day discovering Vlora, Butrint, Saranda, and Gjirokaster. Start your trip with a comfortable ride in an air-conditioned vehicle from your hotel in Tirana. Travel to Vlora, the city of independence. Proceed to Llogara to enjoy the breathtaking views of the coast from a 1043-meter height. Continue to Saranda and see enchanting beaches such as Gjipe Beach, Porto Palermo, Lukovë, and more. Next, visit the National Park of Butrint that holds more than 2000 years of history. Head to the source of the “Blue Eye” before getting to Gjirokaster. It’s a water spring with clear blue waters coming from the depth of the earth, running in the shape of an eye. The road leading to Gjirokaster will take you to the castle of the city and the old bazaar neighborhood. Visit the former homes of Ismail Kadare and Enver Hoxha, which are now museums dedicated to communism. Enjoy this last stop of the coastal tour before returning to Tirana.

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Tirana and Kruja in a Day Trip

2. Tirana and Kruja in a Day Trip

We will pick you up at Scanderbeg Square in Tirana, 8:30 am, and drive you up to Kruja town, where you’ll experience a step back in medieval history by visiting the castle and Scanderbeg Museum. Kruja was the most important town for the Albanians during the 15th century which withstood successfully to at least 3 major sieges by the Ottoman Empire. The medieval hero Gjergj Kastrioti called “Scanderbeg” is considered not only by Albanians as a symbol of resistance and savior but also by ottomans who believed that a supernatural force dwelt in him. Therefore after his death they destroyed his tomb and took parts of his bones to keep them as a charm for good luck. Walk in the Old Bazaar full of old shops that sell traditional handmade items. Next we will drive you to Tirana, the capital of Albania. As you walk around the Scanderbeg square, you’ll see an interesting complex of building which reflect the periods that have influenced Tirana’s architecture. Only the Clock Tower and Et’hem Bey Mosque remain as reminders of the city’s Ottoman past. The communist government left its own footprint by destroying the Ottoman Bazaar and building the new Opera and Ballet House on the site. The next stop on the itinerary is Et’hem Bey Mosque, where you’ll learn about the difficulties faced by the clergy especially after 1967 when freedom of religious expression was prohibited. The mosque was built in 1821 by Et’hem Bey in a typical Turkish style. Continue to King’s Palace and National Martyrs Boulevard. Here you’ll get to know a piece of daily life of former dictator Enver Hoxha, by visiting the pyramid, meant to be a museum for his life and the “Bllok” zone where he and other communist leaders lived in. The area that was once prohibited for people is now the most favorite neighborhood for young people, businesses and coffee shops. In the end, around 3:30 pm, we will take you back to Scanderbeg square, in the center of Tirana city, where we started our day and here your wonderful tour is over.

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Albania: UNESCO Heritage & Local Food Tour with Nature

3. Albania: UNESCO Heritage & Local Food Tour with Nature

Day 1: Travel day You'll be picked up from the airport. Welcome to Albania! Get settled in the hotel and for those of you not too tired, there is a guided walking tour of the city center before dinner in a traditional restaurant in the evening. Day 2: Sightseeing tour of Berat Transfer to Berat, passing through hills full of olive trees. Get settled in the hotel and head for lunch in a local restaurant facing the city. Set out for a walking guide through the UNESCO listed old town with your local guide, admiring the White Mosque, the Holy Trinity Church and Gorica Bridge. Enter into the Berat Castle for a guided tour. Enjoy a free evening in "the city of a thousand and one windows.” Day 3: Rural Berat, Bogova Waterfall & Wine Tasting Transfer to Bogove and take a 30min walk towards the impressive waterfall. Head back to Bogove village and have a homemade lunch on the river shore, with homemade wine and raki (fruit brandy). In the afternoon, visit the town of Polican, famous for its weapon factories during Communist times. The abandoned factories and people in this remote town are a strong reminder of the country's’ past. After a short drive, you'll arrive at Nurellari Winery.  Enjoy a wine tasting tour in this family-run winery, walk around the vineyard and savor 4 varieties of wine. Head back to the city and enjoy free time in the evening exploring the ancient neighborhoods of Mangalem and Gorica.   Day 4: Sightseeing tour of Gjirokaster Transfer to Gjirokaster to discover "the city of a thousand steps.” Get settled in your hotel and head out for lunch in a small, local restaurant for a taste of the city’s authentic dishes. Step into Skenduli house (an Ottoman tower house) and listen to its history and details from the 10th generation of Skenduli family and your local guide. Soak up to the rich history of the castle and enjoy the views! Pass by the Ottoman Bazaar and historic wooden houses and visit Gjirokastra’s Obelisk. Day 5: Typical food from Rural Gjirokastra Drive to Saraqinisht and experience a day in an Albanian countryside cottage. You'll learn about the food, life, and traditions of an Albanian family. Start cooking with three generations of Albanian ladies or drink Raki with cheese and olives with “Grandpa” and listen to his Commie stories. In the afternoon, you can take a 40-minute hike to visit 400-years old St. Mary's Church, built on the face of a cliff and with its monastery beneath. In the evening, transfer back to the city, visiting a Communist bunker on the way back.  Day 6: Sightseeing tour of the Blue Eye Spring and Butrint Travel to the Blue Eye Spring and marvel at this beautiful natural area. Then, set off on a guided tour of Butrint National Park where a local guide explains the 2500 years of history of the Amphitheater, the castle, the churches, and the Lion Gate. Drive to Ksamil and enjoy seafood next to turquoise waters. On the way to Himare, stop for a coffee break at Borsh waterfalls. What a sight! Transfer to Himare and enjoy free time in this typical seaside city. Finish the day with your tour leader and group and enjoy an evening of raki drinking.  Day 7: Apollonia via Llogara National Park En route to Apollonia, explore the Ali Pasha Castle. Marvel at the architecture and listen to entertaining legends about the man who built it, Ali Pasha Tepelena. Stop at Llogara balcony for a stunning view of the South Coast beaches and then head for lunch to Llogara National Park freshened by the mountain breeze and pine trees. Set off a guided tour in Apollonia in the afternoon, where an on-site archeologist explains the history behind the temple of Artemis, the Odeon and the Triumphal Arch. On the way to Tirana, stop for the delicious byrek (pastries) in the city of Lushnje. Day 8: Departure Transfer to the airport for your return flight home.

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From Tirana: Private Day Tour to Shkoder and Skadar Lake

4. From Tirana: Private Day Tour to Shkoder and Skadar Lake

Discover the beauty of Shkoder and Skadar Lake on a private day tour from Tirana. See the famous castles, churches, natural beauty, and lakes of Albania with a professional guide. Depart from Tirana and head towards the north of Albania to see the famous Castle of Rozafa. Built on a hill overlooking the city, the castle is the most important monument of Shkoder. Uncover the fascinating facts and know its historical importance from your professional guide.  Next, travel towards the city of Shkoder, the third-largest town in Albania. Marvel at the beauty of the Catholic Church, Orthodox Church, and Muslim Mosque. Stroll through some of the most famous lanes and notice the diverse religious elements of the city. Afterward, drive away from the city crowd and enjoy tranquility on the shore of Skadar lake. Relax and soak in the magnificent views of Albanian nature. Apart from the crystal waters of the lake, the place is also famous for its “Karp” fish specialties.  Finally, drive back to Tirana after a long and unforgettable experience.

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Tirana: Albanian National History Museum Guided Tour

5. Tirana: Albanian National History Museum Guided Tour

Meet your guide at the entrance to the museum and avoid waiting in line. Visit all of the museum's pavilions and galleries, starting from the ancient period where you'll learn about the Illyrian origins of Albania. Visit other pavilions to explore further into the country's history. See displays about the medieval period, Albanian independence, and the struggle against fascism during the Second World War. Discover documents, statues, and rare objects, such as the rifle of Walter Audios, one of the executioners of Mussolini. Learn about the country's Cold War history with a visit to the communist era pavilion. Learn about the Albanian origins of Mother Teresa at the pavilion dedicated to her. See many of her personal belongings.

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Tirana: Communist History Tour with Street Food

6. Tirana: Communist History Tour with Street Food

You will begin your journey of the past at the Bunk’ Art Museum with a full immersion into Albanian history over the last 100 years. The ex–nuclear bunker, built to accommodate Communist Dictator Hoxha in the event of attack, tells a story of the dictator’s time as well as both world wars through photographs, items, and documents. Once you step out of the Bunk’ Art you will head for some local qofte (meat balls) complete with yogurt sauce, potato chips, and local beer, a combination of which comprises Tirana’s typical street food. You'll then walk towards Skanderbeg Square and learn about the historical buildings such as the Et’hem Bey Mosque and the clock tower, which surround the main square of Tirana. Following that, enter the National Gallery of Arts, which is home to socialist and realist art. There you will encounter powerful images which provide an insight into how “realistic” art was used to create propaganda throughout history. You can also behold the pyramid, the former Enver Hoxha Museum, whose once-white-marble walls are now crumbling and full of graffiti. Following the museum you'll take a break at the Komiteti-Kafe Museum for some raki, communist candy, and some optional coffee. You will then walk through the Blloku area, where you will discover the home of Enver Hoxha and other senior members of his regime. You'll stop at the Post Blloku Memorial, which honors former political prisoners, in an area which was once forbidden to enter.

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Tirana: Communism History Tour

7. Tirana: Communism History Tour

Start the tour with pickup from your hotel in Tirana. Meet your guide and set off on your tour of the city where you will learn about the rule of the communist Party of Labour of Albania, who ruled from 1945 to 1991. First, stop at Scanderbeg Square and visit the National History Museum and the Opera House. Get an overview of Albanian national history prior to the communist era and learn more about Albania's national hero, Scanderbeg. Hear of the story of the military commander who led a rebellion against the Ottoman Empire. Then, visit the Etemhem Bey Mosque and the Clock Tower. A few meters away from Scanderbeg Square is the underground bunker, Bunkart 2. Explore this modern-day museum which provides plenty of fascinating stories from communist times. Discover traces of communist architecture and artifacts when entering the nearby block area. See a section of a war bunker, materials from the Spac mine, and parts of the Berlin Wall which were gifts from the German government. Inside the block area, see the exterior of the house of former dictator, Enver Hoxha. Continue the tour with a visit to the museum, the Hause of Leaves, a building that housed the state intelligence agency, the Sigurimi.  Travel from downtown to a district on the edge of the city. Visit the Bunkart 1 museum in Dajti, an anti-nuclear bunker site that Enver Hoxha built to protect party leaders and their families in the event of a nuclear attack. Afterwards, be returned to your hotel in the city.

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Tirana: 3-Hour Guided City Walking Tour

8. Tirana: 3-Hour Guided City Walking Tour

Discover the Albanian capital's fascinating history from its prehistoric beginnings, to the Ottoman Empire, to the Soviet era. Experience history behind every turn with the help of your local guide. Start your walking adventure at the incredible Piramida, one of the most famous landmarks in the city. Visit the impressive Clock Tower and see the beautiful Et'hem Bey Mosque. Continue to the modern Saint Paul's Cathedral and immerse yourself in the past at the National History Museum. Learn interesting facts and stories about the city as you walk, such as the secrets of the ex-dictator's villa and the Albanian luxury zone. Hear the fascinating history of the bunkers and spy zones of the soviet era. Step into Bush Street, named after George W. Bush. Stop at the National Art Gallery before finishing your tour at Mother Teresa Square.

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Budva: Tirana Day Trip with Return Transportation

9. Budva: Tirana Day Trip with Return Transportation

Following a morning pickup from your accommodation in Budva, relax onboard a comfortable vehicle on your way to Tirana. Once you arrive, your first stop will be Scanderbeg Square, the central plaza in Tirana. Get acquainted with the history of the Scanderbeg Square, named after the Albanian national hero Gjergj Kastrioti Skënderbeu. From here, you’ll see the Turkish-style Et’hem Bey Mosque, one of the reminders of the city’s Ottoman past.  Next, head over to the National History Museum of Albania to learn about the history of Albanians. Continue on your walk to Bunk'Art, a former bunker built to protect the Hoxha regime and, in recent times, converted into a contemporary art museum and cultural center. Learn about how people lived under the regime and the historical events connected to it.  After a day of sightseeing, return to Budva where your driver will drop you off at your accommodation.

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Other Sightseeing Options in Tirana District

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What people are saying about Tirana District

Overall rating

5.0 / 5

based on 1 reviews

Fantastic Day

Really enjoyed this trip! Guide was extremely helpful and friendly and the 6 hours went very quickly as I enjoyed my time so much. Would highly recommend!