1. Warsaw: Jewish Heritage 4-Hour Private Tour
Enjoy a half-day tour of Jewish Warsaw and see the most important sights related to the history of the community. During the 4-hour tour, your private guide will explain the huge influence the Jews played in the history of the Polish capital. From the 11th century until the beginning of World War 2, Poland was known as the cultural and spiritual centre of European Jews, and before the war only New York had a larger Jewish population than Warsaw in the entire world. Highlights of Jewish Warsaw include the remnants of the Ghetto wall, Nozyk Synagogue, and former Jewish Street. Go to the famous Okopowa Street Jewish Cemetery, one of the largest Kirkuts (Jewish cemeteries) in Europe. See monuments that commemorate the martyrdom of Jews during World War 2. And go to the Umschlagplatz, where some 300,000 of the city’s Jews were put onto cattle wagons bound for the concentration camps. Learn about the Ghetto Uprising of 1943, when a few hundred brave Jews stood up to the heavy artillery and dive bombers of the Nazis. The Monument to the Heroes of the Ghetto, built by sculptor Nathan Rappaport in 1948, pays fitting tribute to these resistance fighters and the spirit of the Jews who made one last desperate fight against the horror of the Holocaust.