Roman Forum
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5 historical facts about the Roman Forum's development

Unlike the other forums across Rome's empire, the ancient capital's center of public life wasn't simply planned and built, but evolved slowly as the great city grew. Here are five facts about the original Forum Romanum's history!

It was a meeting point before a stone was laid

It was a meeting point before a stone was laid

Situated on a marshy plain between the key Capitoline and Palatine Hills of Rome, the site naturally became a local meeting point long before an official Forum was planned.

The marshland was drained by Tarquin the Elder

The marshland was drained by Tarquin the Elder

Legend has it that the initial Comitium emerged after both hilltop tribes made peace. Until Rome's 5th king built the Cloaca Maxima, most of the site was too swampy to be usable.

It served several uses

It served several uses

The forum served as the center of Rome's public life for centuries, hosting public speeches, military processions, criminal trials, gladiatorial matches, markets, and much more!

It became home to early Roman Catholic monuments

It became home to early Roman Catholic monuments

Constantine I built the Basilica of Maxentius in 312AD as the last major expansion of the forum. Over time, several of the other temples were converted into Christian churches.

Rising ground made it impossible to maintain

Rising ground made it impossible to maintain

Flooding of the Tiber river and erosion from its surrounding hills caused the ground to rise, slowing covering the monuments. By the Middle Ages the site was being used as a pasture!

Our insider tips

When to visit?

Tickets are valid for two days but also cover the Colosseum and Palatine Hill. That's a lot to see so make sure you arrive there nice and early on both days! The Forum opens from 8:30AM (except holidays), but closing times vary depending on the season. You'll have more time between April and September.
If not booking in advance, use the Palatine Hill ticket office, as the queue will be mercifully short compared to that at the Colosseum!

How to get there?

Don't let the maps fool you! Although there are Metro stations nearby, none of them are that close to an actual entrance! Colosseo (by the Colosseum, in case it's not obvious) is the closest but you'll still need to walk to the main entrance up Via dei Fori Imperiali. Otherwise, take either the 51, 85, 87, 118, or 810 bus to the stop Fori Imperiali.

Good to know

  • When should I visit?
    The Forum opens at 8:30AM daily (except holidays) and closes an hour before sunset.
  • Is it expensive?
    The adult ticket is just € 12,00 and is valid for two days, for the Colosseum, Roman Forum and Palatine Hill.
  • Will I need a guide?
    It will definitely help. Might be worth it to check out our best-selling tours.
  • How to get there
    Plan to walk from the Colosseo Metro stop, or take the 51, 85, 87, 118 or 810 bus to the Fori Imperiali stop.
  • Additional information
    Admission is free the first Sunday of the month! | There is a € 2 booking fee for booking in advance and skipping the queue.

What people are saying about Roman Forum

This was an informative and interesting tour.

I was glad that I did the underground. Tour, but a lady at the Coliseum (it felt like) was rushing us through a bit

Superb family fun - Martina was excellent & made history fun !

Thanks again to Martina - she brought Ancient Rome to life and our 7yr old daughter loved every minute ! Also educational for the parents - so a ‘win-win’ . Would definitely recommend this tour .. spot on.

A very good historical review of Roman times.

Mrs Erica, our guide, did explain all necessary details of the sites enabling to understand the origin of various architectural items, starting from common buildings, palaces, temples and statues, together with the famous Colosseo. Nice weather and temperature of the spring made our tour to ancient Roma just wonderfull.

The most amazing part of history I have seen!

Absolutely outstanding, I can’t believe it what was built all that time ago! Beautiful history to walk through and connect with. I loved every step and blister made!

Colosseum, Roman Forum and Palatine Hill Package Reviewed by Vanessa, 04/05/2019

Fabulous tour! Interesting and knowledgeable tour guide. Well worth it

Loved every minute of the tour. It was fascinating and our guide was wonderful. She is an archeologist so she's intimately involved and passionate about the subject. I highly recommend this tour.

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