Marvel at St. Vitus’ Gothic architecture. Spot the gargoyles that adorn the exterior of the church. Be dazzled by the Art-Nouveau stained glass window made by Czech artist Alfons Mucha. Admire the 14th-century mosaic of the last judgment. See the tombs of St. Wenceslas and Charles IV, the baroque tomb of St. John of Nepomuk, and the Chapel of St. Wenceslas.
Next, enter the Old Royal Palace. Stand under the massive vaulted ceiling of the Vladislav Hall. The lines of the vaults meander in an almost floral pattern, giving the hall a sense of lightness. Enter the chamber where the Defenestration of Prague occurred. Here the Czech Protestant aristocrats threw the Catholic governors of the Habsburg emperor and their secretary out the window, starting the Thirty Years War.
Visit the Basilica of St. George. The stone walls and design of the basilica offer a counterpoint to the grandiosity of the castle. See the fragments of 12th-century frescoes and then walk up the double staircase where the remains of St. Ludmila lie.
Walk along the Golden Lane. The cottages in this alley were originally built for the castle’s sharpshooters, but later housed goldsmiths. In later centuries artists like Franz Kafka lived there. Examine the reconstructed workshops and homes of the Golden alley. See how the working people of Prague lived in the shadow of the castle.