Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau
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Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau: Tours & Tickets

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5 historical facts about Auschwitz-Birkenau

With the world distracted by war, the Nazis brutally reshaped the demographics of Europe in the south of Poland. The harrowing truth wasn't revealed until far too late, but here are a few of the many things you'll learn on your tour of Auschwitz-Birkenau.

Auschwitz-Birkenau is just one camp in a complex

Auschwitz-Birkenau is just one camp in a complex

Auschwitz-Birkenau – or Auschwitz II – was used as a death camp from 1942, primarily for Jews. Auschwitz I had already been holding Polish political prisoners for two years.

It wasn't all run by the state

It wasn't all run by the state

There was a third camp too. Monowitz – or Auschwitz III – was set up to provide slave labor for IG Farben. The Allies dissolved the chemical company the war.

1.1 million were killed

1.1 million were killed

90% were Jews, but thousands of Poles, Romani, Soviets, Jehovah's Witnesses, and homosexuals also died at Auschwitz. As did prisoners from other nationalities.

The world had no idea

The world had no idea

Not even most Germans knew what was happening at the camps. Arrivals were met with the slogan "Work sets you free." In hindsight it's hard to say how convincing that actually was.

The camp commander went into hiding

The camp commander went into hiding

Disguised as a farmer in Gottrupel, Rudolf Höss evaded capture for a year after the war. In spite of his expressed remorsed, he was hung outside the camp's crematorium in 1947.

Our insider tips

What are the opening times?

The Auschwitz-Birkenau museum is open daily from 8am except for January 1st, December 25th, and Easter Sunday. It closes at 3pm from December to February, 4pm in March and November, 5pm in April and October, 6pm in May and September, and 7pm from June to August. The site can be accessed for free but it is advisable to take a tour. If you decide to do so, book your tickets in advance. The best ones fill up very quickly!

How to get there from Krakow?

The easiest way is simply to book an all-in-one tour that leaves from the city. Alternatively, inexpensive buses frequently leave from the basement floor of Krakow's main bus station. You can also take a train to the nearby town of Oświęcim.

When to visit?

Krakow is a wonderful city with a great deal of attraction to please tourists. Though Auschwitz may be an essential part of your trip, it can be emotionally overwhelming. We recommend that you leave it till last.

Good to know

  • When should I visit?
    8:00 AM - 3:00 PM December through February
    8:00 AM - 4:00 PM March, November
    8:00 AM - 5:00 PM April, October
    8:00 AM - 6:00 PM May, September
    8:00 AM - 7:00 PM June, July, August
  • Is it expensive?
    Basic entrance is free, but it is highly recommended take a tour which will have a cost depending on which one you choose.
  • Will I need a guide?
    It's not required but highly recommended. Best to book in advance online!
  • How to get there
    There are direct buses from Krakow. Alternatively, take the train to Oświęcim and then hop on local bus to the site.
  • Additional information
    Not recommended for children under 14.

What people are saying about Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau

Overall rating
4.6 / 5
based on 30,761 reviews

Absolutely brilliant. Nothing short of spectacular

The guide was absolutely spot on. You could tell he was very passionate about his job and genuinely had a love for it. The actual tour was very very educational. I definitely recommend

Auschwitz tour - interesting but sobering

We received excellent service from both the driver and the guide that we had at Auschwitz. We'd received a text the day before stating that due to the heat they wanted to change the tour time - although it was very early it really made a lot of sense. We were allocated a guide called Jacob who was very knowledgeable and interesting to listen to. He really knew his subject well. Would really recommend this tour to anyone who was going to Krakow.

From Krakow: Auschwitz-Birkenau Full-Day Guided Tour Reviewed by

I won't say I enjoyed ,the auswicht and birkeneau experience, but th

The auswicht and birkeneau experience was quite distressing, but it sadly happened to so so many innocent people. The tour guide was very professional and clear, I would highly recommend the tour, so they will not be forgotten..❤

Auschwitz and Birkenau Tour with Licensed Guide Reviewed by

A very interesting and sobering experience

This is something everyone should know about, and learn from. It should never happen again.

Auschwitz-Birkenau Full-Day Guided Tour from Krakow Reviewed by

Sensitively delivered tour of a sad and surreal place

Our guide was absolutely perfect at showing us Auschwitz and Berkinhau, she was respectful and informative. We would have appreciated a little more time to wander and look at the artefacts but other than that it was an excellent tour of a very sad place. Ashamed to be human.

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