Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau
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Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau: Tours & Tickets

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5 historical facts about Auschwitz-Birkenau

With the world distracted by war, the Nazis brutally reshaped the demographics of Europe in the south of Poland. The harrowing truth wasn't revealed until far too late, but here are a few of the many things you'll learn on your tour of Auschwitz-Birkenau.

Auschwitz-Birkenau is just one camp in a complex

Auschwitz-Birkenau is just one camp in a complex

Auschwitz-Birkenau – or Auschwitz II – was used as a death camp from 1942, primarily for Jews. Auschwitz I had already been holding Polish political prisoners for two years.

It wasn't all run by the state

It wasn't all run by the state

There was a third camp too. Monowitz – or Auschwitz III – was set up to provide slave labor for IG Farben. The Allies dissolved the chemical company the war.

1.1 million were killed

1.1 million were killed

90% were Jews, but thousands of Poles, Romani, Soviets, Jehovah's Witnesses, and homosexuals also died at Auschwitz. As did prisoners from other nationalities.

The world had no idea

The world had no idea

Not even most Germans knew what was happening at the camps. Arrivals were met with the slogan "Work sets you free." In hindsight it's hard to say how convincing that actually was.

The camp commander went into hiding

The camp commander went into hiding

Disguised as a farmer in Gottrupel, Rudolf Höss evaded capture for a year after the war. In spite of his expressed remorsed, he was hung outside the camp's crematorium in 1947.

Our insider tips

What are the opening times?

The Auschwitz-Birkenau museum is open daily from 8am except for January 1st, December 25th, and Easter Sunday. It closes at 3pm from December to February, 4pm in March and November, 5pm in April and October, 6pm in May and September, and 7pm from June to August. The site can be accessed for free but it is advisable to take a tour. If you decide to do so, book your tickets in advance. The best ones fill up very quickly!

How to get there from Krakow?

The easiest way is simply to book an all-in-one tour that leaves from the city. Alternatively, inexpensive buses frequently leave from the basement floor of Krakow's main bus station. You can also take a train to the nearby town of Oświęcim.

When to visit?

Krakow is a wonderful city with a great deal of attraction to please tourists. Though Auschwitz may be an essential part of your trip, it can be emotionally overwhelming. We recommend that you leave it till last.

Good to know

  • When should I visit?
    8:00 AM - 3:00 PM December through February
    8:00 AM - 4:00 PM March, November
    8:00 AM - 5:00 PM April, October
    8:00 AM - 6:00 PM May, September
    8:00 AM - 7:00 PM June, July, August
  • Is it expensive?
    Basic entrance is free, but it is highly recommended take a tour which will have a cost depending on which one you choose.
  • Will I need a guide?
    It's not required but highly recommended. Best to book in advance online!
  • How to get there
    There are direct buses from Krakow. Alternatively, take the train to Oświęcim and then hop on local bus to the site.
  • Additional information
    Not recommended for children under 14.

What people are saying about Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau

excellent trip very sad but needs to be never forgotten .

fantastic driver Mathew he spoke brilliant English he was friendly and knowledgeable,drove very safely Thanks.

Perfect and breathtaking tour, perfectly organised

This tour is perfect for people who would like to see two of Krakows "must sees" in just one day.

Those who don't remember the past are condemned to repeat it

What a brilliant guide we had in conrad we seen lots of other guides but conrad stood out from the rest he was brilliant. The tour was very sad but fascinating if you had any questions conrad was right there with the answer... If you go in the winter wrap up warm a lot of outside walking get some breakfast and if you're more than 10 mins away from the pick up point get a taxi .... If I said it's well worth a visit that would be selling it short.... You Must see this in your lifetime hope this is useful but I really can't say enough good stuff about this trip amazing

Remember the past, or it could happen again!

Not a direct quote, but something to this effect, written above the entry door frame in one of the barracks struck me deeply. We must all remember the horrid history and strive towards mutual respect and kindness towards our fellow men/women. A very moving experience, which struck me even harder, when I returned to Copenhagen the same evening, grabbed a free Metroexpress newspaper, sat down in the train and opened it up and stared right at a large photograph of the entry gate to Auschwitz with the ARBEIT MACHT FREI. We must never forget, and I surely won't. I urge everyone to make this trip at least once in their lifetime. The 7-hour tour was organized by Krakville, the logistics were excellent, and the tour guide, David Kennedy, in Auschwitz and Birkenau was superb, as were the listening devices furnished in Auschwitz. I have a hearing problem, but heard every word from the guide. Thank you!

Great tour although very chilling experience

Excellent guide, who was very informative. Service from company was first class, contacted regularly prior to pickup. I would definitely recommend this tour which brought home the horrors of the holocaust

Auschwitz-Birkenau: Guided Tour from Krakow Reviewed by Isabell, 01/10/2019

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