Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau
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Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau: Tours & Tickets

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5 historical facts about Auschwitz-Birkenau

With the world distracted by war, the Nazis brutally reshaped the demographics of Europe in the south of Poland. The harrowing truth wasn't revealed until far too late, but here are a few of the many things you'll learn on your tour of Auschwitz-Birkenau.

Auschwitz-Birkenau is just one camp in a complex

Auschwitz-Birkenau is just one camp in a complex

Auschwitz-Birkenau – or Auschwitz II – was used as a death camp from 1942, primarily for Jews. Auschwitz I had already been holding Polish political prisoners for two years.

It wasn't all run by the state

It wasn't all run by the state

There was a third camp too. Monowitz – or Auschwitz III – was set up to provide slave labor for IG Farben. The Allies dissolved the chemical company the war.

1.1 million were killed

1.1 million were killed

90% were Jews, but thousands of Poles, Romani, Soviets, Jehovah's Witnesses, and homosexuals also died at Auschwitz. As did prisoners from other nationalities.

The world had no idea

The world had no idea

Not even most Germans knew what was happening at the camps. Arrivals were met with the slogan "Work sets you free." In hindsight it's hard to say how convincing that actually was.

The camp commander went into hiding

The camp commander went into hiding

Disguised as a farmer in Gottrupel, Rudolf Höss evaded capture for a year after the war. In spite of his expressed remorsed, he was hung outside the camp's crematorium in 1947.

Our insider tips

What are the opening times?

The Auschwitz-Birkenau museum is open daily from 8am except for January 1st, December 25th, and Easter Sunday. It closes at 3pm from December to February, 4pm in March and November, 5pm in April and October, 6pm in May and September, and 7pm from June to August. The site can be accessed for free but it is advisable to take a tour. If you decide to do so, book your tickets in advance. The best ones fill up very quickly!

How to get there from Krakow?

The easiest way is simply to book an all-in-one tour that leaves from the city. Alternatively, inexpensive buses frequently leave from the basement floor of Krakow's main bus station. You can also take a train to the nearby town of Oświęcim.

When to visit?

Krakow is a wonderful city with a great deal of attraction to please tourists. Though Auschwitz may be an essential part of your trip, it can be emotionally overwhelming. We recommend that you leave it till last.

Good to know

  • When should I visit?
    8:00 AM - 3:00 PM December through February
    8:00 AM - 4:00 PM March, November
    8:00 AM - 5:00 PM April, October
    8:00 AM - 6:00 PM May, September
    8:00 AM - 7:00 PM June, July, August
  • Is it expensive?
    Basic entrance is free, but it is highly recommended take a tour which will have a cost depending on which one you choose.
  • Will I need a guide?
    It's not required but highly recommended. Best to book in advance online!
  • How to get there
    There are direct buses from Krakow. Alternatively, take the train to Oświęcim and then hop on local bus to the site.
  • Additional information
    Not recommended for children under 14.

What people are saying about Memorial and Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau

This is an excellent and very worthwhile tour for anyone to take.

The Auschwitz-Birkenau tour is an intense but extremely worthwhile experience which has inspired me to remember and reflect upon my own prejudice against the Jewish people as well as others and by so doing, come to a better understanding of myself. Overall this has been a very positive experience. In preparation for the tour I watched a number of films and documentaries on YouTube about Auschwitz. One that particularly stands out is: "Science and the Swastika" : Hitler's Biological Soldiers. Watching these films helped put me "in the mood" so that the process could go that much deeper. On the tour I asked a few of my own questions which helped personalise the tour for me. Thank you for a very worthwhile experience.

very important visit and fantastic tour guide

the driver to and from the camps was polite and chatty. he explained everything perfectly. the tour guide was very informative and obviously knew her stuff. it was a long day but very important to visit these places and remember what has happened there.

Well organise,professional& friendly approach.Very nice driver/guide.

An excellent & worthwhile visit. A must see when visiting Krackow. The guide in Auschwitz was excellent & totally committed to his work. Expected it would be a regular coach for the trip but it was in an 9 seater.A little tight for an hour's journey.!Expected to have a proper break for lunch but only 10-15 mins.was feasible for a quick snack. This was a 7 hour trip in total.! Only a couple of snack bars in Auschwitz with a choice of a few pastries or a pizza slice so we would have brought a sandwich & fruit if we had known.

What an experience very harrowing & moving

It’s something everybody must do to see & experience the atrocities & appalling conditions people went through is very heart wrenching, definitely do both tours with the guides they very knowledgeable & extremely humbling of exactly what horrors took place there.

Precisely what I wanted to book for my particular needs.

This tour was precisely what I wanted when I decided upon going to Auschwitz. Both Marek and Paul (Pawel) were impeccable from start to finish. They were perfectly on time, their English was pretty much fluent and of course their knowledge second to none. Their use of timing especially was brilliant - we were given perfect amounts of time to explore each location of our own accord, free of guide pressures - my experience couldn't have been any better for Marek and Paul's chosen structure of the day.

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