Sydney and Melbourne are both recognized as international cultural centers that offer a wide array of experiences. Melbourne is home to the Australian ballet and is also known for its fantastic shopping. Of course, both offer plenty of restaurants and nightlife.
The capital of Australia, Canberra, is home to the National Gallery of Australia, the Australian Academy of Science, the National Museum, and a wide variety of other important cultural and historical sites.
Travelers looking for a lower-key vacation will also enjoy Sydney with its spectacular harbor, fun-filled outdoor lifestyle, and the picturesque scenery of the Blue Mountains, which are just outside of the metropolitan area.
The eastern coast of Australia is home to Brisbane and Cairns. Both cities offer visitors a glimpse of nature that makes Australia so unique. The Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary and Botanic Gardens are in Brisbane. Cairns is the gateway to the Great Barrier Reef, the longest coral barrier reef in the world.
The western side of Australia is home to the city of Perth, which is bordered by the Indian Ocean. Visitors to Perth will enjoy everything a cosmopolitan city has to offer as well as its pristine beaches, and its proximity to fantastic Australian wineries, caves and forests.
While the coasts offer a wide range of activities for visitors, central Australia is not to be missed. A visit to Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park is well worth the trip. Home to Ayers Rock, one of Australia's most recognizable natural landmarks, the park also boasts spectacular scenery and visitors are certain to observe plenty of Australian wildlife including a kangaroo or two.