1. Cluj-Napoca: Maramures Mocanita Train Ride with Guided Tour
Today we will guide you through an unforgettable experience on Europe’s last historic forest railway to Viseu de Sus, close to the Ukrainian border. Ever since ancient times, Maramures has been mainly known due to its thriving wood-based industry for the thriving civilization of wood. The forest and their resources have represented the main way to make a living for the local people. Elders still maintain the habit of saying a prayer before cutting a tree. Also, many religious holidays in these places are directly related to forest and trees. Frequent attacks of enemies have forced the locals to adapt to a particular lifestyle: each time they were attacked by enemies, they had to retreat into the mountains and virtually abandon their homes and villages. After the invaders' withdrawal, people started rebuilding the villages. Everything was made of wood: houses, churches, gates, even cemeteries. Many of these treasures of architectural heritage are still preserved today. Almost every household is built out of wood, has a wooden gate and keeps a room of dowry. A lot of traditions have been preserved here, despite the economic and industrial development of the last two centuries. One of the most interesting between tradition and technology is represented by the Mocăniţa of the Vaser Valley. Built-in the 1920s, after the first World War the forest railway was fit into the mountain rail system that was built around the country at that time. In the late 80s, in Romania, there was about 6.000 km of narrow railway. After 1990, most of these railways were destroyed, with few exceptions. One of these exceptions is the forest track from the Vaser Valley. The train hasn’t stopped working, being used in logging in northern Maramures. Since the year 2000, with help from the Swiss foundation Hilfe für die Wasserthalbahn, trains have been also used to transport tourists. This railway is unique in Europe because of its steam locomotives, which drive small wagons into remote areas, completely isolated from any modern life. Get ready for a unique adventure in a landscape of rare beauty, where time seems to have stood still. In the evening we will return to Cluj.