Cappadocia
Culture & History

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Our most recommended Cappadocia Culture & History

Cappadocia: Sunset ATV Tour

1. Cappadocia: Sunset ATV Tour

Experience an alternative way to see the sights of Cappadocia from the ground on this ATV tour. After a quick safety briefing and demonstration, get some practice on the bikes before beginning your tour. When you are 100% comfortable behind the wheel, begin your tour of Cappadocia's must-sees. First, drive through Sword Valley, the smallest valley in the region, and admire the sword-like fairy chimneys which give the valley its name. Next, head to the Cavusin Village, where you can admire the architecture and churches of this former Greek village.  Next, speed through the White, Love and Red Valleys, stopping in each location for a rest or photos. Finish off at Rose Valley where you can watch the sunset from one of the best spots for sunset viewing in Cappadocia.

Full-Day Cappadocia Red Plus Tour

2. Full-Day Cappadocia Red Plus Tour

You will be picked up from your hotel by a professional tour guide after your breakfast at around 09:45/ 10:00. Your first encounter with Cappadocia will be Devrent Valley (Imagination Valley). In this valley, different rock formations can be seen as animals which is why this valley can also be called Imagination Valley. Use your imagination to describe all these rocks. Then, head to Monks Valley or also known as Paşabağları. There is a bit of a difference between these two meanings in English and Turkısh. Monks used to live here and hide from the religious pressures of the Roman government or local people. During Roman period, most of the people were pagan and not Christian. That's why, all the history of these places come from this point. In Turkish, Paşa means men who have lots of money and land. Bağ means land or area can be purchased. In the following years, all these rich men bought some part of land for their own economic power. Afterwards, the local people where known as Paşabağları. Avanos town will be your third point of interest. In the art center, you will see how to make pottery and ceramic in the Cappadocia region. History of pottery making and ceramic dates back to Hittite emperors (B.C. 4000). Avanos is only town which is famous for pottery and ceramic made by red and white clay only. In the art center, you will be shown a pottery making demonstration and also be able to try try yourself. After all process of demonstration, you will have an open buffet lunch in a local, clean restaurant as a tour break. After a short photography break at  Esentepe viewpoint, see the stunning Gōreme Valley and fairy chimneys. The largest and tallest fairy chimney known as Uchisar Castle will be your next point of interest located in Uchisar. It is also a natural structure, not made by human hand. In case of dangerous situations, you will not be allowed to climb the castle.  The most important place for Christianity and known as an open air museum, Göreme Open Air Museum will be waiting for your visit after Uchisar Castle. This will be completely similar with today's university model. You will see dormitories ( for men and women), churches (9 to 10), chapels, dining rooms, mutual places and classrooms. You will see wall paintings or frescoes on most of walls of the churches in this museum. These paintings depict some scenes from the Bible or some other important point in the life of Jesus Christ. People used to live here as students and teachers together. In addition, teachers gave Christian courses to their students from the Bible. Then after their graduation, they would go to some other part of Turkey in order to spread and teach Christianity to the people. Finally, you will visit the deepest and largest underground city in Cappadocia. Consisting of seven floors, you will see all parts of the underground city open to the public and learn how people had survived under limited opportunities. Mainly, you will see stalls, dining rooms, food storage rooms, churches, kitchens and other similar places you would normally find in a living area. Your professional art historian guide will gladly explain all the details and the history of the places you will visit during your tour schedule. 

Cappadocia: Full-Day Highlights Tour

3. Cappadocia: Full-Day Highlights Tour

Your tour will begin as you are picked up from your hotel in the morning. From here your first stop will be a meeting with the lunar landscape of Cappadocia, where you will discover rock formations beyond belief in the Devrent Valley. You will visit the famous Pasabag "fairy chimneys", where the sound of the of wind mixes with the "songs of fairies" near Zelve. You will later have lunch in Avanos, the center of the terracotta art medium since 3000 B.C. It is at this location that you will enjoy a demonstration in a traditional pottery workshop. In the afternoon, you will visit the famous Goreme Open-Air Museum, where you will be able to see the best examples of Byzantine art in Cappadocia. This is demonstrated in rock-cut churches with frescoes and paintings which date from the 10th to the 13th century. Next, you will continue to the panoramic viewpoint of Esentepe, which will provide you with a spectacular view over Goreme. You can see the complete view of the Goreme Valley and Goreme Village, including fairy chimneys, rock formations, and cave houses. You will later end your day with Uchisar Castle, a tall rock which is the highest point of the Goreme region. At the completion of your tour, you will be returned safely back to your hotel.

From Istanbul: Best of Turkey 8 Days, 7 Nights Guided Tour

4. From Istanbul: Best of Turkey 8 Days, 7 Nights Guided Tour

Day 1: Arrival in Istanbul Be picked up from the arrivals terminal at Istanbul or Sabiha Gokcen Airport. Be transferred to your accommodation and enjoy some time to relax in the city after your journey.  Day 2: Full-Day Istanbul Tour (Breakfast) Start with pickup from your accommodation and discover the highlights of Istanbul on a guided tour. Visit the Topkapi Palace, Hagia Sophia, the Blue Mosque, and Hippodrome, where chariot races and the Byzantine riots took place. Visit the Grand Bazaar for some shopping and bargain hunting. Be returned to your hotel at the end of the day and spend a second night in Istanbul. Day 3: Istanbul to Cappadocia by flight – Cappadocia Tour (Breakfast – Dinner) Begin the third day with an early-morning pickup and transfer to Istanbul airport for your flight to the Cappadocia region. Upon arrival in Cappadocia, your tour guide will meet you at the airport. Start by visiting the Three Sisters Fairy Chimneys in Urgup which are the iconic symbol for the region. Descend into the Kaymakli underground city, which is one of the largest and the deepest of its kind in the region. After the tour, be transferred to your hotel for the night. Day 4: Full-Day Cappadocia Tour (Breakfast – Dinner) Discover the lunar-like landscape of Cappadocia with spectacular rock formations in the Devrent Valley. Enjoy lunch in Avanos, a center of terracotta artwork since 3000 BC. Watch a demonstration in a traditional pottery workshop. In the afternoon, visit the Goreme Open Air Museum and Uchisar Rock Castle to get a panoramic view of the valleys of Cappadocia. After the tour, be returned to your hotel. Day 5: Cappadocia – Konya – Pamukkale (Breakfast – Dinner) Begin the journey to Pamukkale early in the morning. On the way, visit the Seljukian masterpiece of Sultanhan Caravanserai, built in the 13th century. Arrive in Konya and visit the Mausoleum of Mevlana, the world-famous mystic. Continue the journey to Pamukkale and enjoy an overnight stay in a Thermal Hotel. Enjoy a swim in the hotel's rejuvenating thermal pools. Day 6: Pamukkale – Kusadasi (Breakfast – Dinner) In the morning, visit the ancient Greek city of Hierapolis known for its Theater, Apollo Temple, and magnificent Necropolis. Travel onwards to Kusadasi for an overnight stay. Day 7: Kusadasi – Ephesus – Istanbul by flight (Breakfast) Depart from Kusadasi and visit the Artemis Temple which is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Continue to the famous Grand Theater of Ephesus. After Ephesus, visit the Catholic shrine of the House of the Virgin Mary. Located on the Aladag Mountains 5 miles from Ephesus, it is said that the Virgin Mary lived here for the remainder of her life after Christ's Ascension into heaven. Then drive to Izmir airport for your flight back to Istanbul. Upon your return to Istanbul, meet a representative of the local partner and be transferred to your hotel for the night.  Day 8: Departure from Istanbul (Breakfast) After breakfast, check out from your hotel and enjoy a private transfer to Istanbul airport for your flight back home to complete the 8-day excursion.

Cappadocia: Full-Day Private Tour

5. Cappadocia: Full-Day Private Tour

Get picked-up from your hotel. First, enjoy a panoramic view of Göreme and marvel at some of the best views in the region. Your guide will have plenty of knowledge to offer you about your surroundings. Afterwards, visit Underground City which is the biggest and deepest underground settlement. It has 8 levels connected with narrow tunnels. You will visit stalls, stores, churches, wineries, kitchens and the other sections which are open for visitors. While you are visiting the sections, your guide will complement the experience with their expert knowledge. Next, enjoy a local lunch in an authentic restaurant. After, visit Pigeon Valley which is located in Uçhisar town and offers another spectacular panoramic view. The next destination is Goreme Open Air Museum, where you can see rock-cut churches carved by early Christian monks. Your guide will give you information about Christianity and the Monastic Life of Cappadocia. The next stop will be Çavuşin, which is the Old Greek Village, abandoned after Population Exchange in 192. This town is located on the banks of the Red River which is the longest river in Turkey. It is famous for its pottery which started around the 2nd millennium B.C by Hittites. You will have a tour of the town and then visit a pottery workshop and learn about red clay work and ceramics. One of the masters of the discipline will even demonstrate the ancient free-hand technique that has been used throughout history. Then visit Paşabağı where spectacular mushroom-shaped rock formations can be seen. Paşabağı is also called Monks Valley because of the Chapel of Saint Simeon which is located in the valley. The next stop is Devrent Valley, which is also known as İmagination Valley. The valley contains curious red rocks, some of which resemble animal forms: a camel, a lizard, an owl, a snake, a chicken and a penguin.

From Istanbul: 2-Day All-Inclusive Trip to Cappadocia

6. From Istanbul: 2-Day All-Inclusive Trip to Cappadocia

Get an insider’s view of Cappadocia’s most iconic spots on an all-inclusive trip from Istanbul. Float above volcanic spires and honeycombed hills on a hot air balloon. Be accompanied by a guide to Goreme Open Air Museum, Avanos, Pasabag, Uchisar, and Kaymakli Underground City, and more. Day 1 Depart from your hotel in an air-conditioned minivan and make your way to Istanbul airport. Catch your domestic flight to Cappadocia. Upon your arrival to Cappadocia, meet your guide and begin your tour of North Cappadocia. Walk in the land of fairy chimneys. Visit Goreme Open Air Museum, Red River, Devrent Valley, and Pasabag. Make your way to Avanos Village for a traditional lunch and pottery demonstration. Get to the top of the Uchisar Castle, the highest point of the region, a perfect vantage point for a panoramic view of the stunning Cappadocian landscape. After sightseeing, be driven to your hotel. Spend the night in Cappadocia. Day 2 You can opt to join a balloon flight in the morning. Your day tour will be organized according to the balloon flight hours. After breakfast at the hotel, embark on a full-day tour of South Cappadocia. Go off the beaten path to visit Cavusin. See its famous rock churches. Head to Goreme Panorama for views of fairy chimneys. Hike in the Red Valley. Visit Old Greek Love Valley, Kaymakli Underground City, and Pigeon Valley. Walk through a picturesque maze of rock formations. Witness an onyx demonstration by local experts. Savor a typical Turkish lunch. Conclude the day tour by 5 PM. Then, be driven to Kayseri Airport for your domestic flight to Istanbul. Upon arrival, you will be greeted by your driver and taken to your hotel.

From Istanbul: Cappadocia Highlights 2-Day Tour

7. From Istanbul: Cappadocia Highlights 2-Day Tour

Discover Cappadocia on a 2-day tour from Istanbul that includes round-trip flights and an overnight stay at a boutique hotel. Detailed Itinerary Day 1 3:45 AM Pick-up at your Istanbul hotel and transfer to the airport 7:10 AM Depart Istanbul Airport for Cappadocia 8:40 AM Arrival at Kayseri or Nevşehir airport and transfer to Cappadocia hotel 9:30 AM Tour of Cappadocia that includes the Uçhisar Castle viewpoint, Göreme Open Air Museum, Cavusin old village, lunch in Avonos, a pottery demonstration in Avanos, Paşabağı fairy chimneys, Devrent Valley, Urgup fairy chimneys and an Urgup carpet factory Overnight at your boutique hotel in Cappadocia. Day 2 3:45 AM Pick-up at your Cappadocia hotel for hot-air balloon tour 8:00 AM Return to hotel 9:15 AM Pick-up at your hotel for the tour 9:30 AM Tour begins with a panoramic view of Göreme and visit to Derinkuyu Underground City, constructed as a temporary shelter against invasions and raids. Enjoy a short hike in the Ihlara Valley, followed by a lunch break in Belisirma village. See Selime Monastry from the Yaprakhisar viewpoint before ending with a visit to the Pigeon Valley and an onyx demonstration 8:25 PM Depart Kayseri Airport for Istanbul 9:55 PM Arrival in Istanbul and transfer to your hotel

2-Day Cappadocia Tour From Istanbul Optional Balloon Flight

8. 2-Day Cappadocia Tour From Istanbul Optional Balloon Flight

Start the first day by visiting Devrent Valley, also known as 'Imagination Valley', this is the most surreal-looking landscape. Your next stop will be Pashabagi also called the Monks Valley. Proceed to Avanos the pottery centre of Cappadocia, this village is set on the banks of the Red River. You will have lunch in a local restaurant before continuing to Goreme Open Air Museum. The world’s most important Byzantine cave churches are found in these once remote valleys where monks and nuns pursued monastic life from the 3rd century on. Here you can see the best preserved Byzantine cave wall paintings and frescos from the Iconoclastic period through to the end of Seljuk rule.  Then admire a spectacular view over Goreme, you can see fairy chimneys, rock formations, and cave houses. You have the option of also booking a pre-sunrise hot-air balloon flight for the next morning. While your guides complete the final preparations for your flight, you are served breakfast. Your pilot will show you all the unique beauties of Cappadocia from the Red Valley to Goreme. While witnessing an amazing sunrise up in the air, you will get to see perfect panoramic views of Urgup, Goreme, Ortahisar,Uchisar, Avanos, and Nevsehir. After the landing, a celebration with refreshing drinks (non-alcoholic) will be waiting for you. On the Blue tour you hike along the Red and Rose Valley, the most breathtakingly and mysteriously beautiful valleys in the region. Conclude your hike at the Cavusin Cave Village. Marvel at the rock castle and troglodyte dwellings where people lived until the 20th Century. Enjoy lunch in a local restaurant. Descend towards the center of the earth with a trip to the Underground City of Kaymakli, one of the largest and deepest of Cappadocia’s many such settlements. Discover this underground city and its stables, cellars, storage rooms, refectories, churches, and wineries. Visit the Pigeon Valley. See spectacular view of dovecotes (pigeon or dove houses), old abandoned cave homes, and old Greek houses of Uchisar and Ortshisar Castle, as well as the biggest mass of fairy chimneys in Cappadocia.

Cappadocia Highlights Tour with Lunch

9. Cappadocia Highlights Tour with Lunch

Your tour of Cappadocia's highlights begins with a pickup from your hotel. Head to the Devrent Valley and see why it is also known as Imagination Valley. See countless different types of Fairy Chimney formations, which formed almost 30 million years ago. Head to the Göreme Open Air Museum, one of the oldest settlements in Cappadocia and a UNESCO site. See the cave town's dwellings built into the sides of rock formations. Now a ghost town due to unsafe erosion, this place once housed Christians and Muslims in harmony with each other. Have the opportunity to stop by a local shop to discover the real Anatolia. See how people survived and created beautiful art in this region dating back to the Hittite period. Sit down for lunch in a local restaurant and rest up for the second half of the tour.   Then stop in Pasabag, where we will see the most interesting fairy chimneys, resembling those seen in the Hobbit and Smurfs.

Cappadocia: Turkish Night Show w/ Dinner in a Cave

10. Cappadocia: Turkish Night Show w/ Dinner in a Cave

Start your magical night with a glass of Turkish wine or beer as the Turkish dance performance begins. Be mesmerized by the shimmering costumes and impressive dance moves as traditional belly dancers take to the stage and clap along to the hypnotic rhythms of classic Turkish music, played by live musicians. In between performances, indulge in a delicious dinner of traditional Turkish cuisine, including dessert and a glass of wine. Enjoy traditional dances from various regions of Turkey and be wowed by professional dancers, ornate costumes, and exotic music.

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What people are saying about Cappadocia

Overall rating

4.4 / 5

based on 321 reviews

First time on an ATV. My husband and I enjoyed it a lot, we drove our own. The guide was very good and attentive. We had opportunities to learn and also put in more speed. It did rain for a little midway and we were provided raincoats. We were able to see 4 different sites and still make it to a mountain top to wait for the sunset. I highly recommend. Beautiful sites and so good for the price.

Absolutely amazing, everything was perfectly coordinated no delays or issues. Our tour guide was really good, excellent knowledges and interesting and funny - kept us all engaged throughout the tours and visits. Definitely recommend

The ATV tour was amazing. We really had a good time. The tour guide, Eren was very friendly and helpful and he took good pictures and videos! Would 100% recommend doing!

I recommend it if you want to see the highlights in one day, we had a great time. The guide was lovely, a perfect day.

Very organized and our tourguide is very kind! Definitely worth your money.