Cairo Culture & history

Our most recommended Cairo Culture & history

From Cairo: Pyramids of Giza, Sphinx, Saqqara & Memphis Tour

1. From Cairo: Pyramids of Giza, Sphinx, Saqqara & Memphis Tour

Embark on a tour of Giza from Cairo or Giza in an air-conditioned vehicle. Enjoy commentary from your guide as you visit ancient wonders, including the Great Sphinx, the Giza Pyramids, and Valley Temple followed by lunch and some shopping. Be picked up from your hotel in Cairo or Giza. Visit the Step Pyramid of Zoser, Egypt's oldest existing colossal stone building (2630 BC) built for King Djoser. Next visit Memphis, the first capital after Upper and Lower Egypt's unification in 3100 BC, and witness the Colossal Statue of Ramesses II. Enjoy lunch at a local restaurant and visit the pyramids of Cheops, Chefren, and Mykerinus. Next, see the Great Sphinx, a limestone statue of the mythical creature with a Pharoah's head and lion's body. Explore the Valley Temple, a funerary complex with a mortuary temple and the Pyramids of Chefren.  There will be free shopping time to enjoy the experience on your own, discussing the price directly with the vendors. After, return to your accommodation in Cairo or Giza.

From Cairo: Half-Day Tour to Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx

2. From Cairo: Half-Day Tour to Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx

Kick start this exhilarating tour with a convenient pickup by your Egyptologist tour guide from your hotel in Cairo in an air-conditioned vehicle. Get to know more about the history of Egypt in this 4-hour tour that takes you to the Giza Pyramids. Head over to the Great Pyramids, a renowned destination and one among the Seven Wonders of the World. Visit the Great Pyramids from the inside (if this option is selected). Continue the tour with a panoramic view of the Pyramids of Giza: the Pyramids Cheops, Chephren, and Menkaure. You'll also get to see the impressive Sphinx of Giza, truly a once-in-a-lifetime experience. Don’t forget to take as many photos as you can of these amazing structures.   As the tour comes to an end, you’ll be dropped back at your hotel.

Giza Pyramids and Sphinx: Half-Day Private Tour

3. Giza Pyramids and Sphinx: Half-Day Private Tour

Meet your tour-guide in your hotel lobby and depart in a private, air-conditioned vehicle to the Giza Plateau. The tour begins by exploring the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. You will visit the Pyramid of Cheops (The Great Pyramid of Giza), the largest pyramid in the world. Continue your tour with visits to the Pyramids of Chephren and Mykerinos. Learn the architectural significance and fascinating history of these magnificent structures. While on the Giza Plateau, you will see The Great Sphinx of Giza and learn about the mystery of one of the oldest and largest sculptures in the world.

Cairo: Pyramids, Sakkara & Memphis Private Tour with Lunch

4. Cairo: Pyramids, Sakkara & Memphis Private Tour with Lunch

Embark on a full-day tour to the Giza Pyramids, the Sphinx, Memphis, and Sakkara from Cairo. Learn about the treasures of the ancient world with your guide and enjoy a delicious lunch. Start your tour by visiting the Great Pyramids - Cheops, Chephren, and Mykerinos. The highlight of this section is getting close up to the Sphinx - the legendary guardian with a lion’s body and the head of King Chephren. Admire the impressive statue and get your photo taken beside it. You will then visit Sakkara, a 27 km journey away from Cairo. The highlight of this section is the Step Pyramid. Built for King Zoser, it is considered an important part of the process of the pyramid evolution. Finally, you'll head over to Memphis. Not the home of Elvis, of course, but the ancient capital of Egypt!

From Hurghada: Full-Day Trip to Cairo & Giza with BBQ Lunch

5. From Hurghada: Full-Day Trip to Cairo & Giza with BBQ Lunch

Discover the “City of a Thousand Minarets” on a full-day tour of Cairo, with round-trip transfers by bus from Hurghada. Relax in air-conditioned comfort on the long journey, admiring views of the Gulf of Suez. Upon arrival, your private Egyptologist guide will take you to Giza Plateau to see the oldest of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World. Get breathtaking views of the Pyramids of Giza as you explore the mortuary temples of Cheops, Chephren, and Mykerinus. Learn the story of how the temples were constructed and hear the stories behind their legends. Continue to the Great Sphinx, the giant statue of a reclining mythical beast with a lion’s body and the face of the Pharaoh Khafre. Go to the Valley Temple opposite, attributed to the Pharaoh Khafre, and marvel at the feat of ancient engineering. Next, take a break for lunch at a local restaurant. Then, drive into central Cairo to discover the artifacts at the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square with fast-track entry. You can also choose to add Nile River cruise and a camel ride to your tour when booking. Designed by French architect Marcel Dourgnon, the museum’s collections exceed 120,000 masterpieces from the pre-dynastic to the Pharaonic and Greco-Roman periods. Learn about the mummification art of Ancient Egypt before your return transfer to Hurghada.

Cairo: Female-Guided Pyramids, Bazaar, and Museum Tour

6. Cairo: Female-Guided Pyramids, Bazaar, and Museum Tour

Explore the best wonders of Ancient Egypt on this fully-guided tour with a female guide. Start the tour with pickup from your hotel or selected location in Cairo. Meet your local Egyptologist guide who will share her knowledge, provide assistance, and make you feel comfortable throughout the day.  Start your tour at one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Pyramids. Gaze in awe at the magnificent Pyramids of Cheops, Mycerinus, and Chephren. Then, stop for a photo at the Great Sphinx.  Pay an optional visit to the Great Pyramid at your own expense before visiting the Valley Temple. Afterward, stop for a traditional Egyptian lunch. Next, visit the Egyptian Museum where you can explore the vast collection of 250,000 ancient artifacts that date back about 5000 years. If you wish (and at your own cost), feel free to explore King Tutankhamun's Room, which holds a number of precious jewels and gold excavated from the tomb in 1920.  Continue to the Khan El-Khalili Bazaar and soak up the atmosphere of the old city. Take a walk through this well-known market and marvel at the unique variety of souvenirs, antiques, and jewelry for sale. Finally, end the tour with a transfer back to your preferred location in Cairo.

Sharm El-Sheikh: Full-Day Tour of Cairo and Pyramids by Bus

7. Sharm El-Sheikh: Full-Day Tour of Cairo and Pyramids by Bus

Take a guided full-day trip to Cairo to see the most important attractions on any trip to Egypt: the Egyptian Museum, the Pyramids of Giza, and the Great Sphinx. Start with a very early morning pickup from your hotel in Sharm El Sheikh at 12:30 AM. Your Egyptologist tour guide will greet you at the lobby of your hotel and assist you to the bus station, where you’ll take the approximately 6-hour journey to Cairo on a comfortable air-conditioned bus.   When you arrive in Cairo, your tour guide will meet up with you again at the bus station and take you to the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities (Egyptian Museum). Spend the morning exploring this massive museum, which houses approximately 120,000 items. See the glittering treasures of Tutankhamun, grave goods, mummies, jewellery, household items, and toys of Egyptians whose names are lost to history.   After lunch in a local restaurant, you’ll head to the Pyramids of Giza — see the Great Pyramid, the Pyramid of Khafre, the Pyramid of Menkaure, and the Sphinx, situated beside each other in an awe-inspiring sight. This complex is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, and the only remaining Wonder of the Ancient World.   After exploring these magnificent structures, your tour guide will bring you back to the bus station for your ride back to Sharm El Sheikh.

Hurghada: Full-Day Trip to Cairo by Plane

8. Hurghada: Full-Day Trip to Cairo by Plane

Embark on a full-day guided tour of Cairo from Hurghada. Travel by plane and visit the pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx. Enjoy a restaurant lunch and explore the treasures of the Egyptian Museum. Upon arrival in Cairo you will be greeted by an Egyptologist who will accompany you throughout the tour. The tour starts in Giza, where you can marvel at the famous and impressive pyramids of Cheops, Chephren, and Mykerinos, as well as the world-renowned Sphinx.  The tour also includes a visit to the Valley Temple. After a break for a delicious lunch, the tour continues on to the Egyptian Museum. Here you can admire the treasures of the young pharaoh Tutankhamun with more than 120,000 masterpieces of Egyptian art and artifacts. In the afternoon you can enjoy shopping at the Khan el-Khalili market. At the end of the tour you’ll be transferred to the airport in Cairo to catch the flight back to Hurghada, followed by a direct transfer to your hotel.

From Cairo: Full-Day Historical Alexandria Tour

9. From Cairo: Full-Day Historical Alexandria Tour

Enjoy a full-day trip to the historic city of Alexandria and experience the remnants of a bygone era. After pickup from your hotel in Cairo or Giza, you'll drive towards Alexandria, stopping along the way to use the bathroom and get a coffee. Upon arrival, start your tour of this ancient city. Head towards the marble-stone Roman amphitheater of Kom El-Deka that once accommodated over 800 visitors. Enjoy the sights of its pleasure garden and mosaic floored Roman baths and villas. Afterward, move on to the Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa where you can feel the aura of ancient Egyptian, Greek, and Roman architectural excellence. The cemetery was constructed in the second century AD and is still one of the seven wonders of the middle ages. Next, visit Pompey's Pillar, the significant Roman triumphal column in Alexandria. Savor a delicious lunch from a local restaurant and then enjoy an outside photo stop at the Library of Alexandria, one of the largest and most renowned archives of the ancient world. Later, visit the Citadel of Qaitbay, built above the ruined Alexandria lighthouse. At the end of the tour, you'll be driven back to Cairo or Giza to be dropped off at your accommodation.

From Sharm El Sheikh: Cairo Full Day Tour by Plane

10. From Sharm El Sheikh: Cairo Full Day Tour by Plane

Tick off some of Cairo’s most celebrated attractions on this guided trip from Sharm El Sheikh. With round-trip hotel transfers and flights, skip the hassle of planning and focus on enjoying the sights.  View the Pyramid of Giza and Valley Temple. Devote the afternoon to the Egyptian Museum and Khan el-Khalili bazaar. Meet the tour representative at your hotel in Sharm El Sheikh for a transfer to Sharm El Sheikh Airport. Catch a flight to Cairo and be greeted by another representative at the Cairo Airport. Follow your Egyptologist guide to the great pyramid of Giza (if add-on selected), the only existing wonder of the 7 wonders of the ancient world. At the Giza plateau, see the great pyramid of Khufu, known as Cheops, and also the pyramid of Chefren, the pyramid of Mykerinus, the valley temple of Khefren, and the iconic Great Sphinx. This amazing complex of structures dates back to almost 5,000 years ago. From there, be taken to the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, which houses around 150,000 artifacts that date thousands of years to ancient Egyptian civilization. This is considered the largest and most precious collection of Egyptian art in the world. Take your chance to admire the incredible treasures of the boy-king Tutankhamun. After the museum, have the chance to wander in the oldest bazaar in the middle east, the Khan El Khalili Bazaar, where you can feel the atmosphere of living in Islamic Cairo hundreds of years ago. The bazaar dates back to 1382, A.D., and is just one of the fascinating places we will see, giving you a real taste of the ancient city of Cairo. At the end of the day, be transferred to Cairo Airport for a flight back to Sharm El Sheikh.

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Frequently asked questions about Cairo

What are the best day trips and excursions from Cairo?

The best day trips and excursions from Cairo are:

Pyramids of Giza

Other Sightseeing Options in Cairo

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What people are saying about Cairo

Overall rating

4.4 / 5

based on 3,479 reviews

Our driver for both days Youssef was excellent. Our guide on the first day Emad was great. He was a little talkative but you couldn’t help but be caught up in his enthusiasm and obvious passion for his work. He was very knowledgeable. The only real criticism for this tour was the lack of planning on the tour company’s side. On the second day our tour finished at 2:30 but the flight wasn’t booked until 10pm. Got dropped at the airport but we’re told we couldn’t enter until 8pm. Managed to change our flight to 7:45pm for an extra EGP600 and informed Gamal the tour operator of this. He assured us the driver would be waiting for us in Cairo at 9pm when we landed instead of 11 as originally planned. Our flight was late and we got in at 9:30. No driver. Contacted Gamal and got drivers number. Driver had NO IDEA of the time change. Gamal had NOT told him despite 2hrs notice. Gamal tried to blame the driver. It took over an hour for a new driver to come. Got to the hotel at near 12am. Bed end

Ahmed Rezk was our guide and he was fantastic. He met us in the lobby of our hotel and the driver was outside (who was also fantastic). We left early to avoid the traffic, which is definitely worth it. Ahmed was extremely informative both on the drive to Alexandria and at all the attractions we visited. He went above and beyond with the information he shared throughout the trip. The lunch was also lovely, I would recommend the fish with bones. Overall we would highly recommend Ahmed, his driver and this trip!

very nice and complete tour that allows you to explore the antiquities of egypt without difficulty with a very competent, prepared and helpful guide like Yasser and I also thank Maram who provided me with assistance for all my curiosities and questions always managing to satisfy my requests. .. compliments

Everything was great, our guide Mohammed Was really nice and professional, also the driver was very nice. The organizer Maram was available everything time I need it. thank you!

gamal badwaa is the best guide ever ! Very friendly and knowledgeable. We have an amazing time with him! Highly recommended