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Bucharest Communist history

Our most recommended Bucharest Communist history

Bucharest: Parliament Palace Skip-the-line Ticket

1. Bucharest: Parliament Palace Skip-the-line Ticket

Experience one of the top attractions during your visit to Bucharest, with a planned visit to the Parliament Palace. The Palace was ordered by Nicolae Ceaușescu, the dictator of Communist Romania and it was constructed between 1984-1997. Started during the darkest period of communism, Ceausescu's mad dream became the largest building in Europe and the 2nd largest building in the world. Start the tour by skipping the line with your fast-access ticket. Meet the Bucharest Parliament Official Guide, and begin your exploration of the building's interiors. Immerse yourself in the history and contemporary realities of this unique building during a captivating tour that covers 3 levels of the building.  Begin on the ground floor where the entrance is located. Learn an array of mesmerizing facts including how the Palace has a height of 84 meters (276 ft), a floor area of 365,000 square meters (3,930,000 sq ft), and how it is the heaviest building in the world. Then, head up to the 1st level where the main meeting rooms are located together with the Ballroom.  As you admire the interiors and architecture, find out about how the building contains almost 500 chandeliers, over 1400 mirrors and ceiling lights, 35 million cubic feet of marble, and 32 million cubic feet of wood together with carpets and other decorations make this building a place like no other. Listen to other mind-boggling facts including how the building has 8 underground levels, the last one being a nuclear bunker, linked to the main state institutions by 20 km of catacombs.

Bucharest: Guided Ceausescu Villa Tour

2. Bucharest: Guided Ceausescu Villa Tour

Once having arrived in front of the Villa, your staff member will take over. Your tour begins with the dictator's private office, followed by the chess room. Following that, stroll through the villa admiring the bedrooms, family dining room, and the relaxation table. Heading upstairs, encounter another set of bedrooms which belonged to the Ceasescu couple, before you move on to the green house which houses a recreated tropical climate. This climate allows the cultivation of exotic fruits such as bananas and pineapples, including many other fruits which are not indigenous to the country. The owner of the villa was a big fan of exotic birds, which is why the garden was populated by peacocks. Last but not the least, visit the indoor pool, a work which took months to complete. The pool is decorated entirely in blue mosaic and contains flower and animal themes which are reminiscent of those from Ancient Rome. Discover all of this, squeezed into just one house that was far from people eyes. It was a house a where a dictator's family was living the high life, as the rest of the population were starving.

Bucharest: Communism and History Guided City Walking Tour

3. Bucharest: Communism and History Guided City Walking Tour

You will experience a 3 hours walking tour which will guide you though Romania’s and Romanians life during the Communist regime. In the first stop, the Patriarchal Cathedral, you will not only learn about Religion during Communism, but also about the historical events that led to the beginning of Communist regime in this country! We will continue through a nearby neighbourhood where we will see the results of Nationalisation! Then we will have a great view over the famous House of People, currently the Parliament building. This is where I will offer you an insight about the construction of this symbol of Communism and megalomania of Romanian dictator: Nicolae Ceausescu. Going further on the streets of Bucharest, we will discover some of the buildings that were moved, in order to be saved from destruction. One of them being the beautiful Antim Monastery. Exploring the Communist years would not be so meaningful without also learning about people's experiences in the day to day life. After we have relaxed in a short break, we will have the chance to find out more about the well-being of people in front of an old Alimentara (Grocery Store). The last part of the tour will be a walk in a normal pace on Calea Victoriei Boulevard, one of the most beautiful streets in the city. Here we will also see some of the Communists symbols, including what used to be a center used by the Secret Police for torturing people. The tour will end in the Revolution Square, where you will be told the story about the end of the Communist regime, in 1989, and the beginning of Democracy. The entire story is meant to offer you a thorough understanding of how Communism impacted Romanian life and country, but also of how it still continues to have an important print in nowadays life.

Bucharest: Half Day Bike Tour

4. Bucharest: Half Day Bike Tour

Start your 4-hour bike tour in Bucharest’s old city, where you’ll hear about the birth of the city and Romanian civilization. During Communist times the old city area was decimated and overtaken by grandiose urban projects. Today it is one of the poorest areas in Bucharest and is mostly inhabited by gypsies. Marvel at the monumental Parliament Palace, and learn about life for the people under the Ceasescu regime. Ride by buildings dating from the golden age of Bucharest of the 19th and the early 20th century. See landmarks and monuments from the time when Bucharest was known as Little Paris.

Bucharest: Guided Sightseeing City Tour

5. Bucharest: Guided Sightseeing City Tour

Uncover the gems of Bucharest on a half-day guided tour. Start your journey with a convenient pick-up from central locations in the city center. Explore the historical city center with a knowledgeable guide and discover its rich cultural heritage. Visit the open-air Village Museum and learn about traditional village life in Romania. Admire and learn about the history of the monumental Palace of the Parliament, the world's largest administrative building, and stroll around Constitution Square. Hear the stories and legends of the city as you see where communism came to an end on Revolution Square. You will also have the opportunity to walk along Calea Victoriei, one of Bucharest's oldest and most famous streets. This street is known for its beautiful architecture and historical significance. You will pass by some of the city's most iconic buildings such as the National Museum of Romanian History, the Royal Palace and the National Museum of Art. As well as the Romanian Athenaeum located on Calea Victoriei. As you explore the city, your guide will share with you interesting facts and stories about the landmarks and sights you will see. You will learn about the history of Bucharest, from its medieval origins to its present day. Get a taste of the city's beauty and history while learning from a knowledgeable guide. The tour is the perfect way to get to know Bucharest and see its most famous sights. The tour is designed to provide a comprehensive experience of the city's rich cultural heritage, architecture and landmarks, making it an unforgettable experience.

Bucharest: The "Last Days of Communism" Tour

6. Bucharest: The "Last Days of Communism" Tour

Romania has been a communist country for more than 40 years, between 1948 and December 1989. Nicolae Ceausescu became the General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party in 1965 and the president of Socialist Republic of Romania in 1974. 15 years later, he was removed from power and executed after a violent revolution during the winter of 1989. While nowadays Romania is a democracy, the communist period remained interesting as well as controversial. Follow the guide on this trip through Bucharest to reveal the “great accomplishments of the golden era” and to hear the story of people who built it. You will see the first communist building in Bucharest, the Revolution Square with the balcony where the dictator gave his last speech, the majestic “House of People” and the former residence of the presidential couple. The tour will start in the morning at your hotel and following a 4 hour itinerary you will see the most interesting communist sights of Bucharest downtown with entrance at the Parliament Palace "House of People" and Primaverii Palace. The itinerary depends on your hotel’s location, but it will include: Free Press Square (Piata Presei Libere), The Arch of Triumph (Arcul de Triumf), Victoriei Square (Piata Victoriei), Calea Victoriei – Revolution Square (Romanian Atheneum, Revolution’s Memorial), The Palace of Parliament (Palatul Parlamentului), Union Square (Piata Unirii) – University Square (Piata Universitatii), Romana Square (Piata Romana), Victoriei Square and Charles de Gaulle Square (Piata Charles de Gaulle).

3-Hour Guided Tour of Communist Bucharest

7. 3-Hour Guided Tour of Communist Bucharest

This 3-hour tour reveals the conflict between two worlds: Bucharest under the communist regime and the relatively peaceful and prosperous Bucharest of the inter-war period. You’ll learn why Bucharest is such a striking mix of different architectural styles, how each regime left its mark on the city, how the city looked during the communist period and what it was like for people living in communist Romania. Your guide will help to bring to life the anti-communist revolution and the fall of the Iron Curtain. Learn about the violent beginnings of the communist regime and the nationalization and forced demolition of homes. See the impressive Palace of Parliament and hear all about the Ceausescu family and the bloody anti-communist revolution of 1989. You’ll visit lesser-known, charming inter-war neighborhoods saved from communist urban re-modelling, and see the remains of the Uranus neighborhood as well. The tour includes a short break at a café, where you can enjoy drinks or snacks (at your own expense).

Bucharest: 2-Hour City Highlights Bike Tour

8. Bucharest: 2-Hour City Highlights Bike Tour

You will start in the Old City Center with a visit to the oldest witnesses of Bucharest's birth and development: the Old Court Citadel, Manuc's Inn and Stravopoleos Church. After, you guide will take you to visit the most famous boulevard in Bucharest, Calea Victoriei, with its impressive architecture and grandiose buildings like Military Cercle, Telephone Palace, Royal Palace, Romanian Atheneum and more. You will then shed the city crowds and have the opportunity to relax and cool down in the Cismigiu Gardens and near Bucharest City Hall. At the end of the tour, you will see the grandiose Ceausescu's Palace and Union Boulevard, which was designed to be even longer and wider than Champs-Élysées in Paris.

Bucharest: Half-Day Sightseeing Tour

9. Bucharest: Half-Day Sightseeing Tour

The tour will start in the morning at your hotel and following a 4-hour itinerary will show the participants the most interesting sights of Bucharest downtown with entrance to the Parliament Palace (optional) and The Village Museum (optional). The tour includes transport by modern 8 seat minibus, guide services in English, pick-up from the hotel and does not include the entrance fees at the Parliament Palace and the Village Museum. The itinerary depends on your hotel’s location, but it will include: Free Press Square (Piata Presei Libere) – The Arch of Triumph (Arcul de Triumf) – Victoriei Square (Piata Victoriei) – Calea Victoriei – Revolution Square (Romanian Atheneum, Revolution’s Memorial) – The Palace of Parliament (Palatul Parlamentului) – Union Square (Piata Unirii) – University Square (Piata Universitatii) – Romana Square (Piata Romana) – Victoriei Square – Charles de Gaulle Square (Piata Charles de Gaulle) – The Village Museum (Muzeul Satului).

Best of Bucharest: Private Walking Tour

10. Best of Bucharest: Private Walking Tour

On your stroll through Bucharest, you will visit the main landmarks and get to know the story and life of the city from behind the scenes. The tour covers the city center and the following highlights: Victory Avenue, Revolution Square and the Old Town. Providing a good introduction to the history of the Romanian capital, this interactive tour will answer your curiosity to understand how Romanians live nowadays and how they think and feel about their past and future. In a half-day, you will explore and make sense out of Bucharest's rich heritage, a Balkan flavor due to its Byzantine and Turkish influence. It's communist heritage lays beside beautiful French, Romanian and Art Deco architecture and, most importantly, amazing lively atmosphere. Book this private tour to experience the local culture and enjoy a lovely day exploring Bucharest.

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Frequently asked questions about Bucharest

What are the best day trips and excursions from Bucharest?

The best day trips and excursions from Bucharest are:

Bran Castle

Other Sightseeing Options in Bucharest

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What people are saying about Bucharest

Overall rating

4.7 / 5

based on 191 reviews

Andreea was very good, the tour covered both the known objectives and the least known, “hidden” places. She explained everything thouroughly, with impressive level of English. She made the whole experience awesome also by including details from hey personal life, which helped me understand better Romanian life in Communism. Strongly recommend the tour!

5 stars only for the guide. The rest wasn’t anything superb and we waited a long time for people to come. If some attendees are late they should be left out.

A great tour with our guide Chiprian. Very interesting and fun. Good value thanks for a lovely tour

Great fun, great guide! Very easy-going and went with the flow! Good fun.

We had an amazing city tour with Cristina! We strongly recommend it:)